Facts about JANUARY
Most of the world uses the Georgian calendar, which has January as the first month of the year. It is named for Janus, a Roman god.
Roman legend has it that the the ruler Numa Pompilius added January and February to the end of the 10-month Roman calendar in about 700 B.C. Pompilius gave the month 30 days.
Romans later made January the first month. In 46 B.C., the Roman statesman Julius Caesar added a day to January, making it 31 days long.
The Anglo-Saxons called the first month Wolfmonth because wolves came into the villages in winter in search of food.
In the northern half of the world, January is the coldest month. Nature is quiet and the birds travel less. The woodchucks and bears sleep day and night, in hibernation. The plants are resting, waiting for the
warmer temperatures of the Spring. In the southern half of the world, January is the warmest month. Animals are very active, and plants are growing.
Information taken from World Book Millennium 2000
NEW YEARS DAY is celebrated in most countries on January 1.
January 3 is a holiday to celebrate the slain civil rights leader,MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. His birthday is January 15.
Many southern states celebrate the birthday of ROBERT E. LEE, the Confederate Army General.
|IMPORTANT JANUARY EVENTS
- Paul Revere, Revolutionary War patriot, born January 1, 1735.
Paul Revere's Ride by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Flagmaker Betsy Ross born January 1, 1752.
Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863.
J. Edgar Hoover, director of the FBI from 1924 to 1972, born January 1, 1895.
Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed, January 1, 1901.
- Colonial leader Nathaniel Bacon born January 2, 1647.
James Wolfe, conqueror of Quebec, born January 2, 1727.
Georgia ratified the Constitution, January 2, 1788.
- Cicero, Roman statesman, born January 3, 106 B.C.
Women's-rights leader Lucretia Mott born January 3, 1793.
Alaska was admitted to the Union as the 49th state, January 3, 1959.
Fairy-tale collector Jakob Grimm born January 4, 1785.
Utah became the 45th state, January 4, 1896.
- Stephen Decatur, American naval hero, born January 5, 1779.
Nellie Tayloe Ross became the first woman governor of a state, Wyoming, January 5, 1925.
George Washington Carver, black American scientist, died 1943. In 1945, Congress designated January 5 as George Washington Carver Day.
- Charles Sumner, American statesman and antislavery leader, born January 6, 1811.
Carl Sandburg, American poet, born January 6, 1878.Carl Sandburg Poems
New Mexico became the 47th state, January 6, 1912.
- First American presidential election, January 7, 1789.
Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States, born in Locke, N.Y., January 7, 1800.
Transatlantic commercial telephone service began, New York to London, January 7, 1927.
Amendment 11 to Constitution, modifying the Supreme Court's power, proclaimed, January 8,1798.
Andrew Jackson defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans, January 8, 1815.
President Wilson stated his "Fourteen Points" before Congress, January 8, 1918.
- Connecticut ratified the Constitution, January 9, 1788.
Carrie Chapman Catt, American woman-suffrage leader, born January 9, 1859.
Richard M. Nixon, 37th President of the United States, born in Yorba Linda, Calif., January 9, 1913.
- Thomas Paine published his Common Sense, January 10, 1776.
John W. Root, American architect, born January 10, 1850.
First great oil strike in Texas, January 10, 1901.
League of Nations established, January 10, 1920.
First UN General Assembly met, London, January 10, 1946.
- Statesman Alexander Hamilton born January 11, 1755 or 1757.
Sir John Macdonald, first prime minister of Canada after the confederation, born January 11, 1815.
- Governor John Winthrop of Massachusetts Bay Colony born January 12, 1588.
Jack London, American novelist, born January 12, 1876.
- Salmon P. Chase, antislavery leader and Chief Justice of the United States, born January 13, 1808.
- Benedict Arnold, American Revolutionary War general and traitor, born January 14, 1741.
Albert Schweitzer, physician, musician, philosopher, and missionary, born January 14, 1875.
Casablanca Conference opened, January 14, 1943.
Moliere, French dramatist, born January 15, 1622.
American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., born January 15, 1929.
Civil Service system established, January 16, 1883.
Amendment 18 to the Constitution, prohibiting the sale of alcoholic beverages, ratified, January 16, 1919
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi left Iran following mass demonstrations against his rule, January 16, 1979.
- Benjamin Franklin, American statesman and inventor, born January 17, 1706.
Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright and short-story writer, born January 17, 1860.
David Lloyd George, British statesman and prime minister, born January 17, 1863.
Daniel Webster, American statesman, born January 18, 1782.
Versailles Peace Conference opened following World War I, January 18, 1919.
James Watt, Scottish inventor, born January 19, 1736.
Robert E. Lee, commander of the Confederate Army in the Civil War, born January 19, 1807.
Edgar Allan Poe, American author, born January 19, 1809.
Steelmaker Sir Henry Bessemer born January 19, 1813.
Paul Cezanne, French painter, born January 19, 1839.
Inauguration Day for the President every fourth year, beginning in January 20, 1937.
- Confederate Army General Stonewall Jackson born January 21, 1824.
Soviet dictator V. I. Lenin died, January 21, 1924.
The U.S.S. Nautilus, first nuclear-powered ship in the world, launched, January 21, 1954.
- Francis Bacon, English author, born January 22, 1561.
Lord Byron, English poet, born January 22, 1788.
Dramatist August Strindberg born January 22, 1849.
French painter Edouard Manet born January 23, 1832.
John Hancock, first signer of the Declaration of Independence, born January 23, 1737.
- Gold discovered in California, January 24, 1848.
Edith Wharton, American author, born January 24, 1862.
- Robert Burns, Scottish poet, born January 25, 1759.
Transcontinental telephone service established in United States, January 25, 1915.
- Sydney founded, January 26, 1788; celebrated as Australia Day.
Michigan became the 26th state, 1January 26, 837.
American General Douglas MacArthur born January 26, 1880.
Cullinan diamond, world's largest diamond, found January 26, 1905.
India became a republic, 1950; celebrated as Republic Day.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer, born January 27, 1756.
Lewis Carroll, English author of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, born January 27. 1832.
Canadian Great Western Railway started operating, January 27, 1854.
Thomas Edison granted the first patent for his incandescent light, January 27, 1880.
- Canadian Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie born January 28, 1822.
Sir Henry Morton Stanley, who explored Africa, born January 28, 1841.
U.S. space shuttle Challenger exploded, killing all seven crew members aboard, January 28, 1986.
- William McKinley, 25th President of the United States, born in Niles, Ohio, January 29, 1843.
Kansas became the 34th state, 1861.
- Congress authorized purchase of Thomas Jefferson's library as nucleus of the Library of Congress, January 30, 1815.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, born at Hyde Park, N.Y., January 30, 1882.
Adolf Hitler named Chancellor of Germany, January 30, 1933.
Mohandas K. Gandhi, spiritual and political leader of India, assassinated, January 30, 1948.
- Gouverneur Morris, Revolutionary War patriot, born January 31, 1752.
Franz Schubert, Austrian composer, born January 31, 1797.
Facts from World Book Millenium
|LEAP YEAR FACTS|
Leap year comes every four years. Every 28 years, Februrary 1st comes on Sunday, and there is 5 Sundays in the month, ending on Sunday, February 29th. The last year this happened was in 1976.
This year, being 2004, is 28 years since that month in 1976 that had 28 days. This year is leap year, not only with 29 days in February, but 5 Sundays, as well.
Leap Year Facts And Firsts
Leap Year Birthday Greeting Cards from 123Greetings.com
What's NEW at Barbara's Entourage
Ring out the old, ring in the new,
Ring, happy bells, across the snow;
The year is going, let him go;
Ring out the false, ring in the true.
Lord Tennyson Alfred
Including other Month Facts
"Peggie's Breaks" For January
The Anchor Holds
Anchor Your Life
my guestbook before you leave.