Barbara's Entourage



Facts about OCTOBER

October is the tenth month of the year. October was the 8th month in the early Roman calendar. October has had 31 days since the time of the Roman emperor Augustus.

The first frost usually happens in October in the North Temperate Zone. Leaves change to their brilliant colors, and begin to fall, making the ground a beautiful haven of color. The farmers have to finish harvesting of the crops, but winter isn't here yet. The cold won't stay. In fact, we will still have warm days ahead.

Most birds have left for the south by the first frost, but the sparrows love the weather. They are seed eaters, and eat many weed seeds that would otherwise damage the next field crops.

Farmers bring in the last of the fall crops and either store or ship them to other parts of the world. In some parts, apples and grapes are still on the trees and vines. Many apples are harvested at the end of October.

Football usually dominates the scene in October. Hockey also begins it's season in October. And, the World Series will steal some of the spotlight from other sports.

COLUMBUS DAY is celebrated in many schools and various organizations. It comes on the second Mondayin October. Columbus Day honors Christopher Columbus' arrival in America on Oct. 12, 1492.
Annie's Columbus Day Page
John's Word Search Puzzles - Kids - Columbus Day

THANKSGIVING DAY is celebrated in Canada on the second Monday of the month.

Barbara's Thanksgiving - Home and Heart
Canadian Thanksgiving at Web Holidays

HALLOWEEN is celebrated on the last night of October, with children dressing up in masks and costumes, going door to door, asking for a treat.

Christian Alternatives to Halloween

Annie's Halloween Page - A Christian Perspective on the Holiday
Annie's "Alternative Ideas For Halloween" Page
Christian Alternatives
A Christian Perspective on Halloween

  • The opal and the tourmaline are the birthstones for October.

  • The calendula is the flower for the month of October.

leaf
IMPORTANT OCTOBER EVENTSleaf

  • Free rural delivery of mail began in the United States, October 1, 1896.

  • First "Model T" Ford put on the market, October 1, 1908.

  • Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States, born in Plains, Ga., October 1, 1924.

  • Cordell Hull, American statesman, born October 2, 1871.

  • George Bancroft, American historian, born October 3, 1800.

  • Painter Jean Francois Millet born October 4, 1814.

  • Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States, born at Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822.

  • Artist Frederic Remington born October 4, 1861.

  • The Soviet Union launched first artificial satellite, October 4, 1957.

  • Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States, born in Fairfield, Vt., October 5, 1829.

  • Joshua Logan, American playwright, born October 5, 1908.

  • President Harry S. Truman made the first presidential telecast address from the White House, October 5, 1947.

  • George Westinghouse, American inventor, born October 6, 1846.

  • Anwar el-Sadat, president of Egypt, assassinated in Cairo, October 6, 1981.

  • First double-decked steamboat, the Washington, arrived at New Orleans, October 7, 1816.

  • James Whitcomb Riley, Hoosier poet, born October 7, 1849.

  • John M. Hay, American statesman, born October 8, 1838.

  • Chicago fire began, and burned for about 30 hours, October 8, 1871.

  • Eddie Rickenbacker, American air ace, born October 8, 1890.

  • Camille Saint-Saens, French composer, born October 9, 1835.

  • U.S. Naval Academy opened at Annapolis, Md., October 10, 1845.

  • Norwegian explorer and statesman Fridtjof Nansen born October 10, 1861.

  • Helen Hayes, American actress, born October 10, 1900.

  • Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, born October 11, 1884.

  • Columbus landed in America, October 12, 1492.

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams, British composer, born October 12, 1872.

  • White House cornerstone laid, October 13, 1792.

  • William the Conqueror won the Battle of Hastings, which assured the conquest of England, October 14, 1066.

  • William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, born October 14, 1644.

  • Eamon de Valera, president of the Irish Republic, born October 14, 1882.

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th President of the United States, born at Denison, Tex., October 14, 1890.

  • E. E. Cummings, American poet, born October 14, 1894.

  • Helen Hunt Jackson, American novelist, born October 15, 1830.

  • Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche born October 15, 1844.

  • Clayton Antitrust Act became law, October 15, 1914.

  • Dictionary editor Noah Webster born October 16, 1758.

  • Oscar Wilde, Irish-born dramatist, born October 16, 1854.

  • David Ben-Gurion, Israeli prime minister and Zionist leader, born October 16, 1886.

  • Eugene O'Neill, American playwright and Nobel Prize winner, born October 16, 1888.

  • British general John Burgoyne surrendered his army at Saratoga, October 17, 1777.

  • Abolitionist John Brown and his men seized the United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Va. (now W. Va.), October 17, 1859.

  • Henri Bergson, French philosopher, born October 18, 1859.

  • The United States flag was formally raised over Alaska, October 18, 1867.

  • Pierre Elliott Trudeau, prime minister of Canada, born October 18, 1919.

  • First general court in New England held, Boston, October 19, 1630.

  • British troops under Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, October 19, 1781.

  • Thomas Edison began first successful demonstration of his electric light, October 19, 1879.

  • Architect Sir Christopher Wren born October 20, 1632.

  • John Dewey, American philosopher, born October 20, 1859.

  • Magellan entered strait that bears his name, October 21, 1520.

  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English poet, born October 21, 1772.

  • U.S.S. Constitution, better known as Old Ironsides, launched, October 21, 1797.

  • British Admiral Nelson was killed defeating the French and Spanish at Trafalgar, October 21, 1805.

  • Alfred Nobel, Swedish philanthropist and founder of the Nobel Prize, born October 21, 1833.

  • Sam Houston inaugurated as first president of the Republic of Texas, October 22, 1836.

  • British began offensive at El Alamein in Egypt in World War II, October 23, 1942.

  • Battle for Leyte Gulf in the Philippines began in World War II, October 23, 1944.

  • First transcontinental telegram sent, October 24, 1861.

  • United Nations formally established when necessary number of members ratified charter, October 24, 1945.

  • Thomas B. Macaulay, English historian, born October 25, 1800.

  • "Waltz King" Johann Strauss, Jr., born October 25, 1825.

  • Georges Bizet, French composer, born October 25, 1838.

  • Spanish painter Pablo Picasso born October 25, 1881.

  • Richard E. Byrd, American polar explorer, born October 25, 1888.

  • Erie Canal opened to traffic, October 26, 1825.

  • The Federalist papers began appearing in the New York newspaper Independent Journal, October 27, 1787.

  • Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, born in New York City, October 27, 1858.

  • Captain James Cook, English explorer, born October 27, 1728.

  • Harvard College founded, October 28, 1636.

  • Statue of Liberty dedicated, October 28, 1886.

  • Jonas Salk, American developer of a polio vaccine, born October 28, 1914.

  • Cartoonist Bill Mauldin born October 29, 1921.

  • Blackest day in stock market history, October 29, 1929.

  • John Adams, second President of the United States, born in Braintree (now Quincy), Mass., October 30, 1735.

  • Benito Mussolini, founder of fascism, became premier of Italy, October 30, 1922.

  • According to tradition, the day Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the door of a church at Wittenberg, October 31, 1517.

  • Jan Vermeer, Dutch painter, born October 31, 1632.

  • King's College (now Columbia University) founded, October 31, 1754.

  • Nevada became the 36th state, October 31, 1864.

  • Sir Hubert Wilkins, Australian explorer, born October 31, 1888.

  • Comedian Steve Allen died from a heart attack in the home of his son on October 31, 2000.

    Information taken from World Book Millenium

OCTOBER QUOTE
October gave a party;
The leaves by hundreds came;
The ashes, oaks, and maples,
And those of every name.

Source: George Cooper - Taken from World Book Millennium 2000

What's NEW at Barbara's Entourage
Including other Month Facts

"Peggie's Breaks" For October

Annie's October Fun & Free Stuff Page

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